Conferences, Fourth International Conference "SCIENCE AND SCIENTIST – 2016"

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The Systems Upanishad: A Macro-level Abstraction of “The TRUTH” based on Concepts of Systems Thinking and Sanaathana Dharma
L. S. Ganesh, Ph.D.

Date: 2016-08-27 12:30 PM – 01:00 PM
Last modified: 2016-08-17


All of us normal, ordinary human beings (whatever that may mean or connote) observe, experience and deal with ourselves and some other entities in our Universe. The entire set of our conscious experiences, including those that we purposively, actively and directly engage in, as well as those that we dream, interpret, infer and/or imagine, constitute our “personal reality”. The strengths of Science as well as challenges to its universal reliability and validity, across the fullness of space and time and all physical and conceptual entities within, arise from our “personal realities”. We remember some experiences, fully or partly, and forget some, temporarily or permanently.  In the context of these conscious, cognizable experiences of our existence and the Universe, viz., our “personal reality”, we can define “The TRUTH”.


We ought to base our definition on the following premises, based on known and accepted principles of conservation, commonality and common-sense that:

a)         “Something” cannot be made from nor emerge from “nothing”.

b)         “Something” cannot be made into nor transformed into “nothing”.

c)         “Fullness” (referred to as Poorna) and “Nothingness” (referred to as Shoonya) cannot be grasped or experienced by us through our human consciousness. At best, these two concepts can be appreciated and accepted as axioms.

d)         “Infinite regress” cannot offer logically acceptable ultimate solutions of the origins of consciousness, life and all other manifestations in our Universe.

e)         There is “something” common within our Universe, across the Poorna and Shoonya of space and time.

f)          Our Universe has a “purpose” and all that happens, including those phenomena that we may not be aware of (forever?), is in pursuit of the “purpose”.

g)         Science is a systematic approach to observe, understand, represent/codify, share knowledge and clarity about, test/verify and engage with all that happens in our Universe in a physical/material context involving collective “Truths”, distilled from our “personal reality”.

h)         Yoga is a systematic approach to observe, understand, represent/codify, share knowledge and clarity about, test/verify and engage with all that happens in our Universe in a spiritual context involving individual “Truths”, distilled from our “personal reality”.

i)           “Truths” = testable, verifiable, codifiable knowledge and experiences accessible by and through our consciousness.  Interestingly, scientific “Truths” are also falsifiable by using the Scientific approach.  Not much can be said with complete confidence about the falsifiability of “Truths” using the Yoga approach.

j)           The underlying philosophies, paradigms, principles and practices of Science on the one hand and Yoga on the other are evidently and fundamentally different, but perhaps they share a common “purpose”, viz., to explain “it all” eventually.


The above premises have implications concerning “The TRUTH”. This essay is based on the various threads of thoughts that continue to be discussed in the online_sadhu_sanga groups. The detailed points, arguments and explanations concerning Biology and cells, Geology and fossil records, Physics and Quantum Mechanics, Computers and Artificial Intelligence, and so on, are not delved into here. The attempt here is to present theoretical explanations of "it all" based on macro-level abstract philosophical reasoning using the reference frames of our consciousness. A spot of grounded imagination, all within the realms of possibility, is necessary to fill in the gaps. In the rest of this essay, “The TRUTH” is defined and discussed as a spiritual concept, and the due elaborations are presented. The concepts of Leela, Maaya, Dharma, Karma, Samsaara and Moksha used in the spiritual and existential thought expressed in Sanaathana Dharma are used in the elaborations of “The TRUTH”.

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