Body, Mind and Consciousness

Mind has never been demonstrated to be merely a result of complex organization of matter [1]. Yet leading biologists like McClintock have recognized organisms as subjective beings. The conclusion is that life constitutes a subject-object unity [2, 3]. Mind and Body are constitutively an organic whole in living organisms. We are forced to study not only the bio-molecular functions of DNA, RNA and Proteins but also the perceptual process that goes along with it. This is a ubiquitous problem of biology. It is observed at all levels of biological structure and their functionality [4]. Although Descartes created a dualism between the mind and body, i.e. res cogitans andres extensa, the scientific and philosophical difficulties in overcoming the dilemma has forced many biologists and philosophers to reconsider Aristotelian concepts of living organisms in terms of soul as the first principle of living organisms [5]. The mind-body problem is reminiscent of the ‘One and Many’ problem [6]. Issues in mind-body problem lead us to ask, "What then is Consciousness." The very interesting field of study which tries to explain the mind-body totality in terms of consciousness is extremely diverse. Modern biologists are forced to learn the hard way within the last 50 years due to progress in biology. The repeated failures of all genetic and mechanistic explanations to get a concrete comprehension of biological phenomenon, has given a scientific platform to consider mind-body problem afresh [7]. The practical value of this is not only in researching the cause of diseases and their cures but also the search for a comprehensive biological concept of life.  Contributors are invited to submit their views and papers to discuss this topic from perspectives of biology, psychology, semiotics and other practical resources.

References:

[1] Hegel, G.W.F., Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, Part III: The Philosophy of Spirit, Section One: Subjective Spirit, www.marxists.org/reference/archive/hegel/works/sp/sssoul.htm

[2] Merrell, F., Life before matter, possible signification before tangible signs: Toward a Mediating View, Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, Vol. 4, nos. 1-2, (2008).

[3] Hegel, G.W.F., translated by Miller, A.V., Hegel's Science of Logic, § 1638, Prometheus Books (Dec. 1, 1991).

[4] Crick, F., Koch, C., A framework for consciousness, Nature Neuroscience, Vol. 6, No. 2, (2003).

[5] Depew, D., Consequence Etiology and Biological Teleology in Aristotle and Darwin, Stud. Hist. Phil. Biol.Biom. Sc., Vol. 39, 379–390, (2008).

[6] Plato, 'Parmenides', 370 B.C.E, Translated by Benjamin Jowett.

[7] Crick, F., Koch, C., Feature Article, Consciousness and Neuroscience, Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 8, 97–107; 1047–3211/98, The Salk Institute and Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology, USA, (Mar. 1998).



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