Cognitive Biology

Biological phenomena are first and foremost cognitive. All biological forms from the smallest bacteria to human beings are cognitive entities [1]. Artificial intelligence and other analytical concepts do not explain consciousness. Cognitive features like intelligence are found even in organisms which do not possess any brain or nervous system [2]. As brain is not a prerequisite for cognition and as consciousness is ubiquitous in living organisms and the cell as such, the new realization of cognitive development in biology will be that sentience and not-genes are the immediate existential concept of living organisms [3]. Modern research is exploring cognitive abilities in a wide range of organisms and their developmental stages [4, 5]. Results are revealing the wholistic nature and origin of cognitive life of organisms. Different aspects of cognitive biology are perception, learning, spatial cognition, social cognition, the representations of attention etc. Contributors are invited to discuss this topic from the perspectives of cell biology, neuroscience, brain theory, plant cognition, role of cognition in genetics, and developmental science.


[1] Shapiro, J.A., Bacteria are small but not stupid: cognition, natural genetic engineering and socio-bacteriology, Stud. Hist. Phil. Biol. & Biomed. Sci., Vol. 38 (2007) 807–819.

[2] Warwick, K., The Quest for Intelligence, Judy Piatkus, (2001).

[3] Hegel, G.W.F., translated by Miller, A.V., Hegel's Science of Logic, § 93, Prometheus Books (1991).

[4] Shapiro, J.A., Evolution: A View from the 21st Century, FT Press Science, NJ, USA, (2011).


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