Difference Between Organism and Machine

The exponential growth of computing power gave a scope for putting to test whether consciousness can be explained as an analytical concept. Can machines become as smart as people? Can they experience and have feelings of joy, victory etc. These questions have urged a great variety of scientists like Turing, von Neumann and others to propose various arguments through computation and models of artificial intelligence [1, 2]. Can Consciousness be reduced to an easy problem because all that is then required is to specify a mechanism and an algorithmic process that can perform that function. On the other hand harder problems are subjective experience, qualia, awareness of sensory information etc. [3]. Man and machine problem is meant to demonstrate that consciousness is fundamental and not merely elusive. Contributors are invited to submit their views and papers to discuss this topic from various perspectives of Biology, Philosophy, Vedanta, Mathematics, Computer Science and Information Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Semeiosis etc.

References:

[1] Bedau, M., A., Artificial life: organization, adaptation and complexity from the bottom up, Review, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol.7 No.11 Nov., (2003).

[2] von Neumann, J., Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata, University of Illinois Press, (1966).

[3] Harnad, S., Correlation vs. Causality: How/Why the Mind/Body Problem Is Hard, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Vol. 7(4), 54-61, (2000).



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