Debunking Darwinism

The 21st century study of evolution is much broader than what Darwin might have considered in the 19th century. Darwin based his idea on random generation of mutations, accumulation of those errors and natural selection. Darwin's proof rested on fossil records, morphology, comparative anatomy, homology, analogy observed in embryology, paleontology, geographical distribution, taxonomy, missing links etc. However 21st century biology raises many questions against the very simplistic mechanistic views of Darwin. Darwinism in different forms today is entangled in many polemics including horizontal gene transfer, viral vectors etc. [1, 2]. The new non-mechanistic, wholistic and cognitive paradigm, along with stasis and sudden appearance in fossil data [44] has allowed mainstream scientists to dissent from Darwin and consider more living concepts of Religion. Scientific evidence proves that conservation and not divergence of species is the guiding theme of the ability of adaptation in organisms [3]. Contributors are invited to submit their views and papers to discuss this topic from various perspectives of modern evolutionary concepts as well as from all other scientific fields which are relevant to critical assessment that are going on in the study of diversity of living forms.

References:

[1] Puri, B.M., Muni, B.V., Shanta, B.N., Spiritual Biology: Reply to Critics – Part One, The Harmonizer, Dec. 2012, Published by Sri Chaitanya Saraswat math and Bhakti Vedanta Institute.http://www.mahaprabhu.net/satsanga/Newsletters/Harmonizer_December_2012.pdf

[2] Boto, L., Horizontal gene transfer in evolution: facts and challenges, Proc. R. Soc. B, Vol. 277, 819-827, 28 Oct., (2009).

[3] Eldredge, N., Gould, S. J., Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. In T.J.M. Schopf, ed., Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman Cooper. pp. 82-115, (1972). Reprinted in N. Eldredge Time frames. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1985, 193-223.

[4] Puri, B., M., The Science of Spiritual Biology, The Harmonizer, Nov., (2012), Published by Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math and Bhakti Vedanta Institute. http://mahaprabhu.net/satsanga/?download=Harmonizer_November_2012.pdf



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