Failure of Biologism or Biological Determinism

Under the banner of ‘biologism’ or ‘biological determinism’, scientists believed that genetic determinism, environmental determinism, or a combination of both could supply the means to fully explain the principles of livings organisms. However, overcoming that illusion, the scientific evidence in 21st century biology establishes that life is an organic whole and it cannot be reduced any further to satisfy causal or mechanistic determinism [1].


[1] Shanta, B. N., Twenty first century view of biological life: From causal determination to self-determination and free will, The Harmonizer, published by Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math and Bhakti Vedanta Institute, (Aug. 2013).

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